Agriculture

Crops in the Productive Oases of the Province

Percentages of cultivated land per category:

  • Vines 160,700 ha (397,000 acres) = 52%
  • Fruit crops 75,600 ha (187,000 acres) = 25%
  • Vegetable crops 35,000 ha (86,500 acres) = 12%
  • Forests 17,000 ha (42,000 acres) = 6%
  • Forage crops 16,000 ha (39,500 acres) = 5%

Productive Oases of the Province

GRAPEVINES

The main crop in Mendoza, grapevines, occupy 160,700 ha (397,000 acres). Malbec, Argentina’s flagship variety, finds in Mendoza a perfect home in which to grow, given the ideal environmental conditions of the province. For more information about VITICULTURE, please check the text about that key sector.

FRUIT CROPS

Mendoza is the main fruit producer in Argentina.

The main fruit crops grown in Mendoza are:

Mendoza hosts all of Argentina’s peach industry. In addition, it boasts 90% of the country’s plum acreage. It is also one of the main global prune producers and exporters. Mendoza is also well-known for its production of pears, apples, olives and cherries

VEGETABLE CROPS

Mendoza ranks second in Argentina’s vegetable production. There are more than 45 species. The main ones are: garlic, potatoes, pumpkins, tomatoes for industrial purposes, carrots, onions, lettuce, melon, corn and globe tomatoes. Mendoza also stands out for its production of aromatic, culinary and medicinal herbs.

Garlic: Argentina is the second global garlic exporter. Mendoza produces around 76% of Argentine garlic.

Tomatoes:  Mendoza produces 50% of tomatoes for industrial purposes in the country, reaching almost 1% of the global tomato production.

Potato: Mendoza hosts a protected area for the production of certified potato seeds in the department of Malargüe, an area endowed with optimal agroecological conditions for this activity.

Carrots: Mendoza is Argentina’s first producer of carrots, it represents 35% of Argentina’s production, with over 3,000 ha (7,400 acres).

PLANTED FORESTS

The most planted genera are Populus (90%), Salix, Eucalyptus and Pinus, commonly known as poplars, willows, eucalypti and pines, respectively.

No plagues or relevant diseases have been reported in the Province. Trees planted in Mendoza are known to grow at a more rapid pace than those in other parts of the world.

FORAGE CROPS

Mendoza counts with good forage supply and large production of dry weight in irrigated areas, with an annual 18,000-kg (39,700 lb.) yield of dry matter per hectare in pure alfalfa.

Alfalfa-based pastures mixed with two or three kinds of gramineous plants may yield up to 22,000 kg (48,500 lb.) of dry weight per hectare every year. Forage crops have great potential given the growth of Mendoza’s stockbreeding activities.

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Why to invest in the Agriculture Sector in Mendoza?

  • Climate, soil and water quality
  • Plant health: ideal conditions for organic farming
    Argentina ranks second in organic food production worldwide. Mendoza shows great potential for organic production.
  • Strategic location
    • Counter-seasonal production times with respect to the large global markets.
    • Bioceanic Corridor: Mendoza is part of the Aconcagua Bioceanic Corridor connecting Brazil, Argentina and Chile, a crucial link for many of the products heading to ports in the Pacific.
  • Skilled human capital
  • State-of-the-art agriculture practices
  • Wide network of supplies and services for the sector
  • Government support
  • Prominent Companies established in Mendoza: Unilever, Salentein, LVMH, Arcor, Farm Frites, Establecimiento Frutícola Carleti SA, Southern Crops,  Grupo Alvarez, Lucila Isabel Bombal SA, María Lorine Bombal, Zuccardi, Cuyoplaca, Leonangeli, Giandinotto, De Marchi, Consud S.A, among others.

Opportunities to invest in the sector

Greenhouses, tree plantations for industrial timber, silvopastoral projects, forage crops, packaging, cutting edge agricultural technology (services and machinery), water management infrastructure, among others.
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