Mendoza is richly endowed with natural resources.


 

Natural Resources

Mendoza is the fourth province in terms of the extraction of conventional oil and gas ranking of the country. The activity is carried out in the Neuquén and the Cuyo Basins, two extraction sedimentary basins of hydrocarbon resources consisting of a total of 86 exploration areas. Reserves of potassium, gypsum, silicon, gold, coper, iron, quartz, barite, manganese, zinc, bentonite, aggregates, different types of rocks and talc, among others, are found in the soil and subsoil. Raw materials for the production of cement can also be found.

The province’s abundant natural resources are why Mendoza is considered an energy generation hub. There are 12 hydroelectric power plants and three thermal electric plants with 1410 MW of installed capacity, representing an annual generation of 6,250 GWh with great potential for small hydroelectric power plants. Mendoza has high heliophany and solar radiation levels as well as large areas unsuitable for farming where solar power plants could be installed.

Mendoza’s irrigation water, mainly melt waters from glaciers and snow, is distributed through a sophisticated irrigation system. The mild weather is dry, with low humidity, low rainfall and pronounced daily and seasonal temperature fluctuations. This allows high-quality, pest-free agricultural practices with a minimal use of chemical products.

There are 16 protected natural areas for the conservation of native environments. These areas hold great value from the point of view of scenery, recreation, culture and the protection of nature.